An Emergency plan includes normally some of the following themes:

  1. Mapmap
    • The official emergency network where you live
    • Where you can get help and how to get there
    • How to reach help and how to make sure that they will respond
    • How to communicate with the help
      • Telephone
      • Internet
      • Visit
      • Radio
    • Family plan
      • Prepare the family as an unit
      • Train as an unit
      • Know what to bring (supplies and important papers) when leaving fast
      • Divide responsibilities
    • Who are your REAL trustable friends
    • Plan how to protect your home and valuables
      • While you are at home
      • While you are gone
        • Physical
          • Barricades
          • Arms
        • Mental
          • Pep talk
          • Monitoring
  2. Evacuation routeseva
    • Know where to go and how to get there
      • Have alternative routes
      • Official – and secret one
      • Sometimes the route is to cross proprieties of others
    • Know when to go
      • Timing; make key markers for evacuation f. ex:
      • When the fire reach that three run
    • Train multiple “what if”-scenarios
      • Repeat many times
  3.  Shelter/ hideoutsshelter
    • Locate – and create shelters/ hideouts where you live
      • Consider different emergencies, EG.
        • Earthquake
        • Flooding
        • War
        • Fire
        • Volcanic eruption
      • Find different options
        • In your home
        • Close to your home, work and school
        • According to relevant possible threats
      • Should be outside the hazard area
        • Depending on hazard or emergency
      • Normally the shelter/ hideout is at home, with friends, at work, hotels, parks, a deserted place or a mass shelter
        • Depending of what you are hiding from you need to calculate you optimal shelter/ hideout
    • If it is no time to leave for a safe territory, create an instant shelter yourself!

4. Know when to evacuate, what to bring and when to stay putHurricane Bret

    • For how long can you stay in your house
    • Do your house need extra enforcement and – security
    • Do you need go to a public shelter if…?
      • Fire, hurricanes, earthquake or floods
      • War
    • Act quickly and bring the important items (Some clothes, important papers, weapons, water and food)
    • Remember often evacuating is more dangerous than staying
      • Know the parameters
      • Calculate the risk
    • Know how to search temporary shelters
      • Find shelters everyplace you go
        • Before you need them!
      • Know how to seal a room
      • Decide when to leave for another shelter
        • Make emergency rules
        • EG. maximum 12 hours in a hideout

5. Family and friendsfalse-friend

  • Not all are friends is friends, and not all family is trustworthy
    • Minimum not forever
    • Never reveal all your secrets, they might turn against you
  • Everybody need to know what to do and where to go
  • Plan with multiple shelters
    • Not all can use the same shelter when the disaster comes
  • Plan how to get in contact after, where to – and when to meet
    • Contact methods
      • Telephone
      • Internet
      • Contact persons
      • Personal signs and signals
      • Meeting places
    • Make different scenarios and train them
    • If mass evacuated; find ways
    • Decide for geographical meeting points, EG.
        • Agree to meet in 1 day in front of Wal-Mart
        • Agree to meet in 6 hours in front of your work

6. Food and Water


  • It will be less water than normal and you will run out of water
  • Prepare a storage of water and food in your home
    • This might last a week or months
    • Remember you might be without gas, electricity and water to prepare food
    • Don’t tell others about this storage, they might steal it or move to your house
  • Find where authorities will give food and water in an emergency
    • Even though you have or don’t have food and water, act as you don’t have
  • Learn how to disinfect water to create drinking water
  • Remember to save food and water when the disaster strikes

7. Medicine/ First aid


  • Learn basic paramedical -, nursing skills and prolonged medical care
  • The medical system will be down after a disaster, plan accordingly
    • You will be alone!
  • Prepare a medical kit and train how to use it
    • Remember you will work under bad conditions, no books and nobody to ask
    • Be prepared
    • Train medical situations

8. Armssw

  • Most likely you need to protect yourself
    • Learn self-protection
    • Learn self-defence
  • Prepare arms for defending yourself, your family and your home
  • Store those weapons in different strategic places
  • Train all the people in the house to defend themselves
  • Know the local law in this regard!